International Biotechnology Law and Policy: Year in Review (2005)
YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, Vol. 16, pp. 497-514, J. Werksman, O.K. Fauchald, eds., Oxford University Press, 2007
14 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2010
Date Written: February 1, 2006
Yearly review of highlights of international biotechnology law and policy developments, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), biosafety, and GM foods and WTO trade regulation.
The year under review, 2005, was a period of mixed accomplishments in the global regulation of biotechnology and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Once again, the persisting differences in perspectives between trade blocks and nation states on the safety and risks of biotechnology and genetic modification thwarted most substantive progress in the various international cooperative regulatory efforts in this field. However, consensus - be it in the form of compromise - was reached on several noteworthy elements. Also, some new trends could be observed, including an increased focus on biotechnological applications involving animals and forestry, and perhaps concomitantly growing attention for ethical and social issues involved with green biotechnology.
Keywords: biotechnology, GMO, GM food, trade, WTO, SPS, Codex Alimentarius, Aarhus Convention, Cartagena Biosafety Protocol, risk regulation, liability and redress, labelling, case law, GM trees, climate change, Kyoto, Precautionary principle, EU law, environmental law
JEL Classification: K32, K33, K39, K23, K10, K13, K19, K00, O13, Q17, Q18
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