Sovereign Bankruptcy in the European Union in the Comparative Perspective

28 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2010

Date Written: December 14, 2010

Abstract

This paper distinguishes four alternative sovereign debt resolution mechanisms: pure market solutions, modified market solutions, crisis lending by the IMF and other institutions, and the proposed Sovereign Debt Restructuring Mechanism (SDRM). It is hard to find - at the general level of analysis - the unique advantages of SDRM. The assessment of the European Stabilization Mechanism will ultimately depend on its operation, especially whether it will be a tool of subsidizing countries in debt distress or an instrument of fiscal crisis lending. The present fiscal problems in the eurozone are due to the erosion of fiscal discipline and not to the lack of strong compensatory transfers within the eurozone. The right model to look at the conditions for the stability of the eurozone is not a single state but the gold standard-type system, a system of sovereign states with a (de facto) single currency. Based on this analogy and considering modern developments, three types of measures are needed to safeguard the stability of the eurozone: (1) measures that would reduce the procyclicality of the macroeconomic policies and of the economy; (2) reforms that would help the eurozone economies grow out of increased public debt; and (3) steps to increase the flexibility of the economy so that it can deal with the future shocks in a better way.

Keywords: Debt Resolution, European Union, Eurozone, Financial Crisis, SDRM

JEL Classification: F02, F00, F55, H6

Suggested Citation

Balcerowicz, Leszek, Sovereign Bankruptcy in the European Union in the Comparative Perspective (December 14, 2010). Peterson Institute for International Economics Working Paper No. 10-18, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1725478

Leszek Balcerowicz (Contact Author)

National Bank of Poland ( email )

00-919 Warsaw
Poland

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