Global Value Chains and Agrifood Standards: Challenges and Possibilities for Smallholders in Developing Countries
Duke University - Department of Sociology - Director, Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness
McGill University - Desautels Faculty of Management
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 109, no. 31 (July 31, 2012), pp. 12326-12331. Part of Special Feature on “Agriculture Development and Nutrition Security.”
The rise of private food standards has brought forth an ongoing debate about whether they work as a barrier for smallholders and hinder poverty reduction in developing countries. This paper uses a global value chain approach to explain the relationship between value chain structure and agrifood safety and quality standards and to discuss the challenges and possibilities this entails for the upgrading of smallholders. It maps four potential value chain scenarios depending on the degree of concentration in the markets for agrifood supply (farmers and manufacturers) and demand (supermarkets and other food retailers) and discusses the impact of lead firms and key intermediaries on smallholders in different chain situations. Each scenario is illustrated with case examples. Theoretical and policy issues are discussed, along with proposals for future research in terms of industry structure, private governance, and sustainable value chains.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 6
Keywords: Food safety, agrifood supply chain, value chain governance
Date posted: December 18, 2010 ; Last revised: August 14, 2012