The Causes of Changes in the Distribution of Family Income in Australia, 1982 to 1997-98

FaHCSIA Research Paper No. 27

80 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2010

See all articles by David Thomas Johnson

David Thomas Johnson

Government of South Australia - Department of Treasury and Finance

R Wilkins

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: December 19, 2010

Abstract

This paper examines income and expenditure distributions over recent decades using unit record data from Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) income and expenditure surveys.

The results show that there was a significant increase in private income inequality over the 1980s and 1990s. However, the increase in dispersion for disposable income was modest, implying taxes and transfers acted to mitigate the increases in inequality emanating from changes in private income. Changes in the distribution of work across families - for example, an increase in both two-earner families and no-earner families - were the single most important source of the increase in private income inequality.

Suggested Citation

Johnson, David Thomas and Wilkins, Roger, The Causes of Changes in the Distribution of Family Income in Australia, 1982 to 1997-98 (December 19, 2010). FaHCSIA Research Paper No. 27. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1728570 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1728570

David Thomas Johnson (Contact Author)

Government of South Australia - Department of Treasury and Finance

233 North Terrace
Adelaide SA 5005
Australia

Roger Wilkins

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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