Optimal Hedging of American Options in Discrete Time
27 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2010 Last revised: 21 Sep 2011
Date Written: December 21, 2010
In this article we study the price of an American style option based on hedging the underlying assets at discrete time. Like its European style analog, the value of the option is not given in general by an expectation with respect to an equivalent martingale measure. We provide the optimal solution that minimizes the hedging error variance. When the assets dynamics are Markovian or a component of a Markov process, the solution can be approximated easily by numerical methods already proposed for pricing American options. We proceed to a Monte Carlo experiment in which the hedging performance of the solution is evaluated. For assets returns that are either Gaussian or Variance Gamma, it is shown that the proposed solution results in lower root mean square hedging error than with traditional delta hedging.
Keywords: Hedging, European Option, American Option, Risk
JEL Classification: G11, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation