Constructions of the Violent State: The Case of Extrajudicial Executions of Civilians by State Military Forces in Antioquia, Colombia

27 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2011

See all articles by Sandra Milena Gómez Santamaría

Sandra Milena Gómez Santamaría

Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana; Universidad de Antioquia

Date Written: December 23, 2010

Abstract

This dissertation seeks to expose the relationships between State and Violence in the cases of extrajudicial executions that occurred massively during Álvaro Uribe’s Presidential tenure, showing how Democratic Security policy represents the framework of such legitimization. In this sense, it puts at stake the classical definitions of the State concerning the monopoly of the use of force by posing the following question at the center of the debate: Is it just the legal force what the State controls? For so doing, it will develop a case study of extrajudicial executions occurred in Eastern Antioquia region and then it will analyze the discourses given by different state agents in front of the cases, for showing the patterns for the creation of a combat scenario for the illegal killings and the official responses as denial discourses regarding the cases nationwide. Data have been collected from newspapers, magazines, reports from State agencies, NGOs and from Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial executions. Both the above patterns as State responses show how legality is constructed and legitimized in violent ways in regarding extrajudicial executions cases in Colombia: by silencing the context, dealing with bodies and how they are got and counted, denying the facts, and denying the victims.

Keywords: State Violence, Extrajudicial Executions, Military, Margins of the State, Denial

Suggested Citation

Gómez Santamaría, Sandra Milena, Constructions of the Violent State: The Case of Extrajudicial Executions of Civilians by State Military Forces in Antioquia, Colombia (December 23, 2010). Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1730244

Sandra Milena Gómez Santamaría (Contact Author)

Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana ( email )

Circular 1 No. 70-01 Bloque 12, secretaria
Medellin
Colombia

Universidad de Antioquia ( email )

Calle 67 No. 53 108 Bloque 14 Oficina 112
Medellin
Colombia

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