Is There a Metropolitan Bias? The Inverse Relationship between Poverty and City Size in Selected Developing Countries

36 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Celine Ferre

Celine Ferre

World Bank

Francisco H. G. Ferreira

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Peter F. Lanjouw

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: December 1, 2010

Abstract

This paper provides evidence from eight developing countries of an inverse relationship between poverty and city size. Poverty is both more widespread and deeper in very small and small towns than in large or very large cities. This basic pattern is generally robust to choice of poverty line. The paper shows, further, that for all eight countries, a majority of the urban poor live in medium, small, or very small towns. Moreover, it is shown that the greater incidence and severity of consumption poverty in smaller towns is generally compounded by similarly greater deprivation in terms of access to basic infrastructure services, such as electricity, heating gas, sewerage, and solid waste disposal. The authors illustrate for one country -- Morocco -- that inequality within large cities is not driven by a severe dichotomy between slum dwellers and others. The notion of a single cleavage between slum residents and well-to-do burghers as the driver of urban inequality in the developing world thus appears to be unsubstantiated -- at least in this case. Robustness checks are performed to assess whether the findings in the paper are driven by price variation across city-size categories, by the reliance on an income-based concept of well-being, and by the application of small-area estimation techniques for estimating poverty rates at the town and city level.

Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction, Subnational Economic Development, City Development Strategies, Regional Economic Development

Suggested Citation

Ferre, Celine and Ferreira, Francisco H. G. and Lanjouw, Peter F., Is There a Metropolitan Bias? The Inverse Relationship between Poverty and City Size in Selected Developing Countries (December 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5508. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1732387

Celine Ferre (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Francisco H. G. Ferreira

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-4382 (Phone)

Peter F. Lanjouw

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-4529 (Phone)
202-522-1153 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/planjouw

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