Trust, Expertise and the Philosophy of Science

Synthese, Vol. 177, No. 3, pp. 411-425, 2010

15 Pages Posted: 1 Jan 2011 Last revised: 28 Sep 2014

Kyle Whyte

Michigan State University - Department of Philosophy

Robert Crease

State University of New York (SUNY) - Stony Brook - Department of Philosophy

Date Written: December 30, 2010

Abstract

Trust is a central concept in the philosophy of science. We highlight how trust is important in the wide variety of interactions between science and society. We claim that examining and clarifying the nature and role of trust (and distrust) in relations between science and society is one principal way in which the philosophy of science is socially relevant. We argue that philosophers of science should extend their efforts to develop normative conceptions of trust that can serve to facilitate trust between scientific experts and ordinary citizens. The first project is the development of a rich normative theory of expertise and experience that can explain why the various epistemic insights of diverse actors should be trusted in certain contexts and how credibility deficits can be bridged. The second project is the development of concepts that explain why, in certain cases, ordinary citizens may distrust science, which should inform how philosophers of science conceive of the formulation of science policy when conditions of distrust prevail. The third project is the analysis of cases of successful relations of trust between scientists and non-scientists that leads to understanding better how ‘postnormal’ science interactions are possible using trust.

Suggested Citation

Whyte, Kyle and Crease, Robert, Trust, Expertise and the Philosophy of Science (December 30, 2010). Synthese, Vol. 177, No. 3, pp. 411-425, 2010 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1732715

Kyle Powys Whyte (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - Department of Philosophy ( email )

368 Farm Lane #503
South Kedzie Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824
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5174321320 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.philosophy.msu.edu/people/faculty/kyle-powys-whyte/

Robert Crease

State University of New York (SUNY) - Stony Brook - Department of Philosophy ( email )

Stony Brook, NY 11794
United States

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