Access to Health Services in Under Privileged Areas: A Case Study of Mobile Health Units in Tamil Nadu and Orissa
39 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2011
Date Written: October 2008
Mobile Health Units (MHU) were introduced as early as 1951 in tribal areas in India, with the purpose of improving access to and utilization of health services for people living in under-served and inaccessible regions. The team members of MHUs vary between states but, in general, they consist of a physician, a pharmacist, an auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM), one or two paramedical staff, and a driver. Administratively, MHUs are associated with Primary Health Centres (PHC) and the medical officer of the PHC is in-charge of the effective functioning of the MHU. Whilst the activities of MHUs are usually planned at PHC level, their impact on health care equity is seldom discussed or taken into consideration during the planning stage.
Keywords: Mobile Medical Units
JEL Classification: I18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation