Height and Living Standards in North Korea, 1930s–1980s

17 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2011

See all articles by Sunyoung Pak

Sunyoung Pak

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Daniel Schwekendiek

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Hee Kyoung Kim

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: January 4, 2011

Abstract

The adult stature of 6,512 North Korean refugees born from the 1930s to the 1980s was employed as an indicator of living standards in North Korea. The height of North Koreans born before the division of the Korean Peninsula exceeded that of their South Korean peers. All North Korean cohorts born thereafter were shorter than their South Korean counterparts. North Koreans did not experience a meaningful secular increase in height during 60 years of communism. A consistent and positive effect of about 1–2 cm for high educational status was found when height was regressed on birth decades, education, regional origin, and occupation.

Suggested Citation

Pak, Sunyoung and Schwekendiek, Daniel and Kim, Hee Kyoung, Height and Living Standards in North Korea, 1930s–1980s (January 4, 2011). The Economic History Review, Vol. 64, pp. 142-158, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1735235 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00509.x

Sunyoung Pak (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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Daniel Schwekendiek

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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Hee Kyoung Kim

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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