Gasoline Prices and Traffic Safety in Mississippi

Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 41, pp. 493-500, 2010

8 Pages Posted: 7 Jan 2011 Last revised: 22 Jan 2011

Guangqing Chi

Mississippi State University - Department of Sociological Science

Arthur Cosby

Mississippi State University

Mohammed A. Quddus

Imperial College London

Paul Gilbert

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David Matthew Levinson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: February 9, 2010

Abstract

Problem: Limited literature suggests that gasoline prices have substantial effects on reducing fatal crashes. However, the literature focuses only on fatal crashes and does not examine the effects on all traffic crashes.

Methods: Mississippi traffic crash data from April 2004-December 2008 from the Mississippi Highway Patrol and regular-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy were used to investigate the effects of gasoline prices on traffic safety by age, gender, and race. Results: Gasoline prices have both short-term and intermediate-term effects on reducing total traffic crashes and crashes of females, whites, and blacks. The intermediate-term effects are generally stronger than the short-term effects. Gasoline prices also have short-term effects on reducing crashes of younger drivers and intermediate-term effects on older drivers and male drivers. Impact on Industry: Higher gasoline taxes reduce traffic crashes and may result in additional societal benefits.

Keywords: Gasoline Prices, Traffic Crashes,Traffic Safety, Age, Gender, Race

JEL Classification: N70, Q4, Q41, L91, R4

Suggested Citation

Chi, Guangqing and Cosby, Arthur and Quddus, Mohammed A. and Gilbert, Paul and Levinson, David Matthew, Gasoline Prices and Traffic Safety in Mississippi (February 9, 2010). Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 41, pp. 493-500, 2010 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1735487

Guangqing Chi

Mississippi State University - Department of Sociological Science ( email )

Mississippi State, MS 39762
United States

Arthur Cosby

Mississippi State University ( email )

Mississippi State, MS 39762
United States

Mohammed A. Quddus

Imperial College London ( email )

South Kensington Campus
Exhibition Road
London SW7 2AZ, SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

Paul Gilbert

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

David Matthew Levinson (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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