Judge-Jury Difference in Punitive Damages Awards: Who Listens to the Supreme Court?

33 Pages Posted: 7 Jan 2011

Date Written: January 5, 2011


We analyze thousands of trials from a substantial fraction of the nation’s most populous counties as well as a smaller sample of less populous counties. Evidence from four major Civil Justice Survey data sets spanning more than a decade establishes that: (1) compensatory awards are strongly associated with punitive awards and (2) the punitive-compensatory relation has not materially changed over time. But (3) 2005 data suggest, for the first time, systematic differences between judges and juries in the punitive-compensatory relation. Despite claims that the Supreme Court’s State Farm decision changed the punitive-compensatory relation, we present evidence that the 2005 shift is not attributable to the State Farm case or to other possibly relevant likely factors such as the relative flow of personal injury cases to judges and juries, inclusion of 110 small counties in the 2005 data, or changes in the 2005 data coding. The judge-jury difference more likely turns on unobserved factors driving the selection of cases for adjudication before judges and jurors.

Keywords: punitive damages, judges, juries, Supreme Court

JEL Classification: K00, K13, K20, K40, K41

Suggested Citation

Eisenberg (Deceased), Theodore and Heise, Michael, Judge-Jury Difference in Punitive Damages Awards: Who Listens to the Supreme Court? (January 5, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1735631 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1735631

Theodore Eisenberg (Deceased) (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Law School ( email )

Michael Heise

Cornell Law School ( email )

308 Myron Taylor Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-4901
United States
607-255-0069 (Phone)
607-255-7193 (Fax)

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