Ethnic Minorities in the European Union: An Overview

42 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2011

See all articles by Martin Kahanec

Martin Kahanec

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Central European University; Central European Labour Studies Institute

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO); UNU-MERIT; Maastricht University, Department of Economics; Free University Berlin; University of Bonn; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Journal of Population Economics

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Date Written: December 1, 2010

Abstract

This paper sheds light on the labor market situation of ethnic minorities in the European Union. Facing a serious measurement challenge and lacking adequate data, we apply several measures of ethnicity and examine various data sources as well as secondary evidence. We find significant gaps between ethnic minority and majority populations in terms of labor market outcomes. In particular, ethnic minorities appear to face disproportional difficulties in finding a job. Although experience in the host country improves the status of immigrant minorities, we do not find any clear assimilation of further immigrant generations. Roma people seem to face particularly grave integration barriers in European labor markets.

Keywords: ethnicity, ethnic minority, migration, unemployment, labor force participation, labor market

JEL Classification: F22, J15, J61, J71

Suggested Citation

Kahanec, Martin and Zaiceva, Anzelika and Zimmermann, Klaus F., Ethnic Minorities in the European Union: An Overview (December 1, 2010). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1090. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1735955 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1735955

Martin Kahanec (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Germany

Central European University ( email )

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Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

Central European Labour Studies Institute ( email )

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Bratislava, 82109
Slovakia

HOME PAGE: http://www.celsi.sk

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia ( email )

Viale A. Allegri 9
Modena, Modena 42121
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )

Bonn
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://https://glabor.org/

UNU-MERIT ( email )

Keizer Karelplein 19
Maastricht, 6211TC
Netherlands

Maastricht University, Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

University of Bonn

Postfach 2220
Bonn, D-53012
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Journal of Population Economics

Tiergartenstr. 17
D-69121 Heidelberg
Germany

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