Lexus Lanes or Corolla Lanes? Spatial Use and Equity Patterns on the I-394 MnPASS Lanes

27 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2011 Last revised: 21 Jan 2011

See all articles by tyler patterson

tyler patterson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David Matthew Levinson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 28, 2008

Abstract

A 2004-2006 longitudinal panel survey of I-394 residents found support levels at over 60 percent for the congestion priced High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lane, known to the Twin Cities as MnPASS. This number varies only slightly when sorted by income levels, gender, and education levels, suggesting that the arrangement is perceived as equitable. However, people with higher incomes use the system more often and thereby capitalize on the direct benefit more often, a finding consistent with other studies. Previous research has not revealed whether higher incomes actually cause people to use the MnPASS option more often or whether HOT lanes have simply been built along high income corridors, such as I-394. This paper aims to separate the effects of income and location on use to provide a more robust understanding of equity concerns. Using data provided by the Minnesota Department of Transportation, Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Method 3 (HC3) regressions, this paper suggests that location and income both explain HOT lane use.

Keywords: I-394, High Occupancy Toll, MnPASS, Minnesota Department of Transportation

JEL Classification: R40, R41

Suggested Citation

patterson, tyler and Levinson, David Matthew, Lexus Lanes or Corolla Lanes? Spatial Use and Equity Patterns on the I-394 MnPASS Lanes (March 28, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1736152 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1736152

Tyler Patterson

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

David Matthew Levinson (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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