Impact of Light Rail Implementation on Labor Market Accessibility: A Transportation Equity Perspective
Journal of Transport and Land Use, Vol. 5, No. 3
25 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2011 Last revised: 17 Oct 2011
Date Written: August 1, 2010
This study seeks to examine transit’s role in promoting social equity by assessing impacts of recent transit changes in the Twin Cities, including opening of the Hiawahta light rail line, on job accessibility among workers of different wage categories. Geo-spatial and descriptive analyses are employed to examine the magnitude of the accessibility changes and where changes occur. This study also uses regression analysis to estimate block-level before- and after - LRT accessibility as a function of the block’s locational characteristics and demographic composition. The analysis finds that proximity to light rail stations and bus stops offering direct rail connections are associated with large, statistically significant gains in accessibility to low-wage jobs. These gains stand out from changes in accessibility for the transit system as a whole. The paper concludes by discussing implications of the study results for informing more equitable transit polices in the future.
Keywords: Hiawatha light rail line, accessibility, transportation, light rail transit
JEL Classification: R40, R41, L92
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation