Antidumping, Countervailing, and Safeguard Measures

GITAM Review of International Business, Forthcoming

37 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2011

See all articles by Winston W. Chang

Winston W. Chang

University at Buffalo - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 1, 2008


This paper discusses the key ingredients of WTO antidumping, countervailing, and safeguard measures, and corresponding U.S. trade laws. It explores a number of shortcomings of current U.S. antidumping laws, including the cost- and price-based dumping criteria and the inevitable excessive pass-through outcome of an antidumping case. The paper also examines several special U.S. trade remedies that have been controversial, including the repealed Byrd Amendment, the use of "fair price" and "constructed value" on electric golf carts from Poland, and the disputes over "zeroing" between the U.S.and the EU, Japan and Mexico.

To gain further insight into real world activities, the paper profiles the U.S.and also other WTO member countries' antidumping and countervailing cases, and discusses the current "WTO Rules" negotiations, as mandated by the Doha Development Agenda, including the Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of GATT (the Anti-dumping Agreement), the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, and the newly proposed disciplines on fishery subsidies.

Keywords: Antidumping, Countervailing, Safeguard Measures, WTO

JEL Classification: F50, F51, F53

Suggested Citation

Chang, Winston W., Antidumping, Countervailing, and Safeguard Measures (July 1, 2008). GITAM Review of International Business, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:

Winston W. Chang (Contact Author)

University at Buffalo - Department of Economics ( email )

453 Fronczak Hall
Department of Economics, SUNY at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY 14260
United States
716-645-8671 (Phone)
716-645-2127 (Fax)


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