Family Size and Educational Investments in Children: Evidence from Private Tutoring Expenditures in South Korea

20 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2011  

Changhui Kang

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Date Written: October 15, 2010

Abstract

Relying on private tutoring expenditures in South Korea, this paper examines whether large family size has a strong negative impact on educational investments in children. To deal with endogeneity of family size, the paper employs a non-parametric bounding method as well as an instrumental variables method. Our primary finding is that quantity-quality trade-offs in educational investments function in a way that varies by the sex of the child. While there is a non-negligible negative effect of large family size on educational investments for girls, there is little if any impact on those for boys. Son preferences traditionally shown by Korean parents seem to underlie such empirical findings.

JEL Classification: I20, C30

Suggested Citation

Kang, Changhui, Family Size and Educational Investments in Children: Evidence from Private Tutoring Expenditures in South Korea (October 15, 2010). Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 73, No. 1, pp. 59-78, 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1736874 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0084.2010.00607.x

Changhui Kang (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) ( email )

Bukit Timah Road 469 G
Singapore, 117591
Singapore

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