Identifying the 'Lovely' Jobs: Job Quality and Economic Independence of Welfare Users

40 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2011 Last revised: 18 Jan 2011

See all articles by Hau Chyi

Hau Chyi

NORC

Orgul D. Ozturk

University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 30, 2010

Abstract

In this study, we identify the jobs that facilitate economic independence among welfare users. We call these jobs "good" jobs. In our analysis, job attributes are broadened to include non-wage attributes that contribute to future earnings such as job stability and advancement opportunities. We find that even after controlling for hourly wage and work intensity (indicators for current compensation), employment in occupations with higher median earnings, lower ratios of part-time workers and unemployment, and occupations that require certificates or educational degrees is highly correlated with the likelihood and the speed of achieving economic independence. Our analysis complements earlier studies on job market outcomes of welfare recipients by expanding the analysis to the national level and by incorporating across state differences in welfare policies.

Keywords: Job Quality, Low-Skilled Workers, Welfare Reform, Work-First, Economic Independence

JEL Classification: I32, J24

Suggested Citation

Chyi, Hau and Ozturk, Orgul D., Identifying the 'Lovely' Jobs: Job Quality and Economic Independence of Welfare Users (December 30, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1737489 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1737489

Hau Chyi

NORC ( email )

55 E. Monroe, Ste. 4800
Chicago, IL 60603
United States

Orgul D. Ozturk (Contact Author)

University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

The Francis M. Hipp Building
1705 College Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

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