The Influence of Bilateralism on Multilateralism: The Case of Geographical Indications (in French)

Dynamiques Internationales, No. 3, June 2010

41 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2011 Last revised: 18 Jan 2011

See all articles by Josué F. Mathieu

Josué F. Mathieu

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB); National Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS)

Date Written: June 30, 2010

Abstract

This empirical research studies the influence of bilateralism on the evolution of positions within the WTO negotiations, taking as case study the negotiations relating to geographical indications. Contrary to the traditional approach – which relies on the systemic opposition between “building blocks” and “stumbling blocks”, it is posited that bilateral and multilateral negotiations should not be considered in a purely alternate perspective, calling for overcoming the weaknesses of the concept of “forum shifting”. According to the approach adopted, the negotiating forums are part of a network forming a single arena of negotiations where the different forums interact. A research protocol aiming at evaluating empirically the influence of bilateralism is then proposed. It establishes a diachronic mapping of the positions in the WTO on the basis of a dichotomy between countries defending “maximalist” and “minimalist” positions towards the protection of geographical indications. The evolution of the positions studied through the dynamic mapping is crossed with three milestones designed to mark the starting of negotiations, the signature and, the entry into force of bilateral agreements that include provisions on geographical indications.

Keywords: Geographical Indications, Bilateralism, Multilateralism, Negotiations, WTO

JEL Classification: F13, K33, Q17, Q18

Suggested Citation

Mathieu, Josué F., The Influence of Bilateralism on Multilateralism: The Case of Geographical Indications (in French) (June 30, 2010). Dynamiques Internationales, No. 3, June 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1739043

Josué F. Mathieu (Contact Author)

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) ( email )

CP 132 Av FD Roosevelt 50
Brussels, Brussels 1050
Belgium

National Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS) ( email )

Rue d’Egmont 5
Brussels, 1000
Belgium

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