Survey Mode Effects on Valuation of Environmental Goods
21 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2011 Last revised: 27 Nov 2012
Date Written: December 31, 2010
This article evaluates the effect of the choice of survey recruitment mode on the value of water quality in lakes, rivers, and streams. Four different modes are compared: bringing respondents to one central location after phone recruitment, mall intercepts in two states, national phone-mail survey, and an Internet survey with a national, probability-based sample. The modes differ in terms of the representativeness of the samples, non-response rates, sample selection effects, and consistency of responses. The article also shows that the estimated benefit value can differ substantially depending on the survey mode. The national Internet panel has the most desirable properties with respect to achieving the survey dimensions of interest.
Keywords: survey methods, environmental economics, environmental policy, stated preference, benefit-cost analysis, water quality
JEL Classification: Q25, C81
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation