Home-Grown Islamist Radicalization in the West: Using Survey Evidence to Model the Structure of Radical Attitudes

39 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2011

See all articles by Christian Leuprecht

Christian Leuprecht

Royal Military College of Canada

C. Winn

affiliation not provided to SSRN

D. B. Skillicorn

Queen's University

Date Written: January 12, 2011

Abstract

Radicalization is the process by which an individual becomes willing to use politically motivated violence or illegal means, or to support those who do. It can only be understood fully by longitudinal analysis. Much existing work instead tries to reconstruct the process by looking at its outcomes: those who have become radicalized. The result is a large number of theories and mechanisms, with an absence of compelling empirical support. Theories of radicalization make implicit predictions about the variations among attitudes in the communities from which radicals are drawn. We report the results of a survey of attitudes to issues widely believed to be relevant to radicalization among Ottawa Muslims in 2008. Analysis of the patterns of variation in attitudes is not consistent with popular theories of radicalization. In this population, attitudes vary along three independent dimensions: social economic political satisfaction dissatisfaction, moral religious satisfaction dissatisfaction, and a dimension that seems plausibly to be associated with radicalization. This suggests that attempts to prevent radicalization by, for example, providing better economic support, by mitigating unpopular policies, by addressing discrimination and other grievances, and even by emphasizing moderate forms of religion may not have much effect on reducing radicalization in Canada.

Keywords: radicalization, Ottawa, Muslim, extremism, political violence, attitudes, Canada

JEL Classification: K42

Suggested Citation

Leuprecht, Christian and Winn, C. and Skillicorn, D. B., Home-Grown Islamist Radicalization in the West: Using Survey Evidence to Model the Structure of Radical Attitudes (January 12, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1739260 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1739260

Christian Leuprecht (Contact Author)

Royal Military College of Canada ( email )

Department of Political Science and Economics
P.O. Box 17,000, Station Forces
Kingston, ON K7K 7B4
Canada
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HOME PAGE: http://www.christianleuprecht.com/

C. Winn

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

D. B. Skillicorn

Queen's University