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The Role of Securitization in Mortgage Renegotiation

48 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2011 Last revised: 14 Mar 2011

Sumit Agarwal

Georgetown University - Department of Finance

Gene Amromin

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Itzhak Ben-David

Ohio State University - Fisher College of Business, Finance Department; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Souphala Chomsisengphet

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)

Douglas D. Evanoff

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Date Written: March 2011

Abstract

We study the effects of securitization on renegotiation of distressed residential mortgages over the current financial crisis. Unlike prior studies, we employ unique data that directly observes lender renegotiation actions and covers more than 60% of US mortgage market. Exploiting within-servicer variation in this data, we find that bank-held loans are 26% to 36% more likely to be renegotiated than comparable securitized mortgages (4.2 to 5.7% in absolute terms). Also, modifications of bank-held loans are more efficient: conditional on a modification, bank-held loans have lower post-modification default rate by 9% (3.5% in absolute terms). Our findings support the view that frictions introduced by securitization create a significant challenge to effective renegotiation of residential loans.

Keywords: Financial Crisis, Loss Mitigation, Mortgage Crisis, Securitization, Lenders, Servicers, Liquidation, Modification, Repayment, Refinance, Default, Delinquency, Borrower, Interest Rates, Household Finance, Credit, Housing, FICO Score, Leverage, LTV, Loan Modiccation, Mortgage, GSE, HAMP, Loan Term

JEL Classification: D1, D8, G1, G2

Suggested Citation

Agarwal, Sumit and Amromin, Gene and Ben-David, Itzhak and Chomsisengphet, Souphala and Evanoff, Douglas D., The Role of Securitization in Mortgage Renegotiation (March 2011). Charles A. Dice Center Working Paper No. 2011-2; FRB of Chicago Working Paper No. 2011-02. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1739915 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1739915

Sumit Agarwal

Georgetown University - Department of Finance ( email )

3700 O Street, NW
Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-8207 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ushakrisna.com

Gene Amromin

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

230 South LaSalle Street
230 S. LaSalle
Chicago, IL 60604
United States
3123225368 (Phone)
3123226011 (Fax)

Itzhak Ben-David (Contact Author)

Ohio State University - Fisher College of Business, Finance Department ( email )

2100 Neil Avenue
Fisher 700D
Columbus, OH 43210-1144
United States
773 988 1353 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://fisher.osu.edu/fin/faculty/Ben-David/index.htm

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://fisher.osu.edu/fin/faculty/Ben-David/

Souphala Chomsisengphet

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) ( email )

400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC 20219
United States
202-649-5533 (Phone)

Douglas D. Evanoff

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

230 South LaSalle Street
Chicago, IL 60604
United States
312-322-5814 (Phone)

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