An Integrated Approach to Oversight Assessment for Emerging Technologies

Risk Analysis, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 1197-1219, 2008

23 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2011 Last revised: 22 Jan 2011

See all articles by Jennifer Kuzma

Jennifer Kuzma

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities - Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs

Jordan Paradise

Loyola University Chicago School of Law

Gurumurthy Ramachandran, PhD

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Jee-Ae Kim

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Adam Kokotovich

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Susan M. Wolf

University of Minnesota Law School

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

Analysis of science and technology oversight systems is often conducted from a single disciplinary perspective and by using a limited set of criteria for evaluation. In this article, we develop an approach that blends risk analysis, social science, public administration, legal, public policy, and ethical perspectives to develop a broad set of criteria for assessing oversight systems. Multiple methods, including historical analysis, expert elicitation, and behavioral consensus, were employed to develop multidisciplinary criteria for evaluating oversight of emerging technologies. Sixty-six initial criteria were identified from extensive literature reviews and input from our NSF-funded project Working Group. Criteria were placed in four categories reflecting the development, attributes, evolution, and outcomes of oversight systems. Expert elicitation, consensus methods, and multidisciplinary review of the literature were used to refine a condensed, operative set of criteria. Twenty-eight criteria resulted spanning four categories: seven development criteria, fifteen attribute criteria, five outcome criteria, and one evolution criterion. These criteria illuminate how oversight systems develop, operate, change, and affect society. We term our approach “integrated oversight assessment” and propose its use as a tool for analyzing relationships among features, outcomes, and trade-offs of oversight systems. Comparisons among historical case studies of oversight using a consistent set of criteria should result in defensible and evidence-supported lessons to guide the development of oversight systems for emerging technologies, such as nanotechnology.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, nanobiotechnology, science and technology, emerging technology, oversight, oversight systems, empirical studies, expert elicitation, multi-criteria assessment, risk analysis, science regulation, oversight assessment, new governance, gene therapy, biotechnology, GMOs

Suggested Citation

Kuzma, Jennifer and Paradise, Jordan K. and Ramachandran, PhD, Gurumurthy and Kim, Jee-Ae and Kokotovich, Adam and Wolf, Susan M., An Integrated Approach to Oversight Assessment for Emerging Technologies (2008). Risk Analysis, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 1197-1219, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1739957

Jennifer Kuzma

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities - Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs ( email )

301 19th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Jordan K. Paradise

Loyola University Chicago School of Law ( email )

25 E. Pearson
Chicago, IL 60611
United States

Gurumurthy Ramachandran, PhD

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities ( email )

420 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Jee-Ae Kim

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities ( email )

420 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Adam Kokotovich

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities ( email )

420 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Susan M. Wolf (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota Law School ( email )

229 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
612-625-3406 (Phone)
612-624-9143 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.umn.edu/facultyprofiles/wolfs.html

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