The Effect of Mandatory XBRL Reporting Across the Financial Information Environment: Evidence in the First Waves of Mandated U.S. Filers
Posted: 17 Jan 2011 Last revised: 21 Jul 2014
Date Written: 2012
This study examines the effect of mandatory XBRL disclosure across various aspects of the financial information environment. Our findings show an increase in information efficiency, a decrease in event return volatility, and a reduction of change in stock returns volatility for 428 firms (1,536 10-K and 10-Q filings) post-XBRL disclosure. In addition, this study shows that XBRL mitigates information risk in the market, especially when there is increased uncertainty in the information environment. Our results are robust to various alternative specifications and research modifications such as a matched-pair control (326 XBRL versus 326 non-XBRL firms), current stock market condition, potential earnings releases, and corporate governance. This study contributes to the literature by systematically documenting evidence of how mandatory XBRL disclosure decreases information risk and information asymmetry in both general and uncertain information environments. Our evidence could potentially assist the SEC in their effort to expeditiously assess the benefits of XBRL.
Keywords: XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language), interactive data, information risk, information asymmetry, information uncertainty, capital markets
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