What Drives Corporate Charitable Contributions, Market Forces, Government Influences, or Political Goodwill? Evidence from China
41 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2011
Date Written: January 16, 2011
This study examines the determinants and consequences of corporate charitable contributions in China. Using a large sample of listed firms from 2001 to 2006, we find that firms with political connections are more likely to make charitable contributions. Firms owned by local governments are more likely to make charitable contributions than firms owned by the central government. Furthermore, we find that resource constraints and industry competition cannot explain corporate philanthropy in China. We document a positive association between charitable contributions and future firm performance but find no evidence that charitable contributions affect future sales growth. Further analysis indicates that firms making charitable contributions received more bank loans and government subsidies. The overall results are consistent with listed companies in China using charitable contributions to build the political goodwill with the government.
Keywords: corporate charitable contributions, corporate philanthropy
JEL Classification: M14
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