Measuring the Transportation Needs of People with Developmental Disabilities
22 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2011
Date Written: November 1, 2006
The US Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Development Disabilities estimates the number of people diagnosed with a developmental disability in the United States as 4.5 million persons, which would translate to about 17,000 residents of Hennepin County, Minnesota. This research paper examines the transportation needs of adults with developmental disabilities either residing or working in Hennepin County through a survey of their existing travel behavior and their unmet transportation needs. The survey had both demographic and attitude questions as well as a travel diary to record both actual and desired but untaken trips. In this paper we report and discuss the main findings of the survey. It was clear from observing the returned sample that almost the entire surveyed population does not live independently. More than half of the surveyed population worked every day, while recreation occurred at least once a week for about two-thirds of the population, and more than half undertook social trips weekly. About 30% reported being unable to make trips they want to make and 46% unable to make trips they need to make. Public transit poses difficulties for this population both physically and intellectually. There were also specific complaints about the lack of transit service in addition to concerns regarding paratransit services. Community service providers received praise.
Keywords: Developmental disability, disadvantaged population, disability, transportation needs
JEL Classification: R40, R41, J11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation