Quantification of Chlorine and Hydrogen Chloride in Air Using Chemically-Treated Filter
The IUP Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. IV, No. 4, pp. 65-80, November 2010
Posted: 23 Jan 2011
Date Written: January 21, 2011
Air pollution is a major cause of environmental health problems with devastating effects all over the world. In recent years, new techniques of air sampling have been developed for the assessment of air pollutants. In this study, a simplified technique based on the US EPA Test Method 26/26A is developed to quantify the concentration of Chlorine (Cl2) and Hydrogen chloride (HCl) in indoor air. The collection of acid gases is compared by liquid absorption between impingers and the chemically treated filter. Results show that there is a linear relationship between the concentration of the acid gases collected and their flow rates in both cases. The chemically-treated filter method is found to quantify both Cl2 and HCl to a certain sensitivity compared to the impinger method. Errors are inherent in the measurement system. Although the uncertainties cannot be reduced to zero, by quality assurance study, the new methods are viable. Small-sized apparatus, portable, simple to operate and exclusiveness of any volatility are some of the advantages of the developed filter. It is also shown that chemical reaction of Cl2 with Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and HCl with Sulphuric acid (H2SO4), produced ion chlorides that can be determined instrumentally.
Keywords: Chlorine (Cl2), Hydrogen chloride (HCl), Impinger method, Chemically-treated filter method, Chlorine concentration
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