Traffic Crash Involvement: Experiential Driving Knowledge and Stressful Contextual Antecedents

Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 15-26, 2003

12 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2011

See all articles by Daniel E. Martin

Daniel E. Martin

California State University, East Bay

Peter J. Legree

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Tonia S. Heffner

U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Joseph Psotka

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Gina J. Medsker

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: August 21, 2003

Abstract

Researchers have rarely examined stressful environments and psychological characteristics as predictors of driving behavior in the same study. The authors hypothesized that (a) safer drivers more accurately assess physical and emotional traffic hazards and (b) stress and emotional states elevate crash risk. The hypotheses were evaluated with procedural and declarative tacit driving knowledge tests requiring assessment of emotional and contextual hazards and with accident reports describing crash antecedents, including stressful events and environmental conditions. Analyses identified separate driving knowledge factors corresponding to emotional and contextual hazards that were significantly related to the crash criteria. Accident report analyses show that stress significantly elevates at-fault crash risk. The results demonstrate the importance of experiential knowledge acquired without instruction (procedural or tacit knowledge) and provide safety recommendations.

Keywords: Driving, Safety, Emotional Intelligence, Stress, Crash, Traffic, Tacit, Procedural

Suggested Citation

Martin, Daniel E. and Legree, Peter J. and Heffner, Tonia S. and Psotka, Joseph and Medsker, Gina J., Traffic Crash Involvement: Experiential Driving Knowledge and Stressful Contextual Antecedents (August 21, 2003). Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 15-26, 2003, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1747339

Daniel E. Martin (Contact Author)

California State University, East Bay ( email )

25800 Carlos Bee Boulevard
Hayward, CA 94542
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.csueastbay.edu

Peter J. Legree

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Tonia S. Heffner

U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences ( email )

Arlington, VA
United States

Joseph Psotka

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Gina J. Medsker

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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