Development Economics and the International Development Association

69 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Cevdet Denizer

Cevdet Denizer

Center for Economics and Econometrics; World Bank

Jean-Jacques Dethier

World Bank

Alan Gelb

World Bank

Date Written: January 1, 2011

Abstract

Prevailing economic ideas -- and fashions -- about development have influenced the International Development Association (IDA) since its creation in 1960. The creation of the organization itself is the result of two contemporaneous facts: an urgent need to channel development finance to least-developed countries and an increasing pressure on World Bank management to directly address the issue of poverty in developing countries. Changing views, over time, have been a rationale -- and, at times, a justification -- for emphasizing poverty and social sectors; for providing grants to particular groups of countries; and for strategic choices and sectoral priorities. IDA has been influential in development debates and been an advocate for specific views about development policy. This paper gives an overview of these views and documents how they have shaped the activities of the organization since its creation. After a brief review of development thinking and of the organization of research at the World Bank, the paper documents the shifts that have taken place in country allocations and in sector emphasis in IDA over the past 50 years and highlights the strategic themes that have guided its development agenda: toward increasing country selectivity; from projects to programs; from conditionality to country ownership of reforms; and from input-based to results-based performance.

Keywords: Economic Theory & Research, Environmental Economics & Policies, Banks & Banking Reform, Achieving Shared Growth, Debt Markets

Suggested Citation

Denizer, Cevdet and Dethier, Jean-Jacques and Gelb, Alan, Development Economics and the International Development Association (January 1, 2011). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5541. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1747444

Cevdet Denizer (Contact Author)

Center for Economics and Econometrics ( email )

United States
+902123596505 (Phone)
+902122872453 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cee.boun.edu.tr

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Jean-Jacques Dethier

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/jdethier

Alan Gelb

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/agelb

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