Institutional Change and Academic Patenting: French Universities and the Innovation Act of 1999

31 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2011

See all articles by Antonio Della Malva

Antonio Della Malva

KU Leuven - Faculty of Business and Economics (FEB)

Francesco Lissoni

University of Bordeaux - GREThA; CRIOS - Bocconi University

Patrick Llerena

BETA - University of Strasbourg

Date Written: September 21, 2011

Abstract

The Innovation Act was introduced by the French government in 1999, with the aim of encouraging academic institutions to protect and commercialize their scientists’ inventions. We explore the effects of the Act on the distribution of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) over academic scientists’ inventions. We find that, before the Act, academic institutions had a strong tendency to leave such IPRs in the hands of their main funders, namely public research organizations (such as CNRS or INSERM), and business companies. After the introduction of the Act, French academic institutions increased their propensity to claim IPRs over their employees’ inventions, mainly under the form of co-ownership with business companies. This result varies with the technological class of the patent, the presence and age of a technology transfer office within the university, and the university size and type.

Keywords: academic inventions, academic research, intellectual property, patents

JEL Classification: I23, O31, O34

Suggested Citation

Della Malva, Antonio and Lissoni, Francesco and Llerena, Patrick, Institutional Change and Academic Patenting: French Universities and the Innovation Act of 1999 (September 21, 2011). Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1747653

Antonio Della Malva (Contact Author)

KU Leuven - Faculty of Business and Economics (FEB) ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

Francesco Lissoni

University of Bordeaux - GREThA ( email )

avenue Léon Duguit
33608 Pessac cedex
France

CRIOS - Bocconi University

via Rontgen 1
Milan, MI 20122
Italy

Patrick Llerena

BETA - University of Strasbourg ( email )

Strasbourg
France

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