The Concept of Genocide and the Anfal Campaign

Living History Forum, Forthcoming

3 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2011

See all articles by Mark Klamberg

Mark Klamberg

Stockholm University - Faculty of Law


The Anfal Campaign was a series of attacks conducted by the Iraqi Army against the Kurdish people in Northern Iraq. The campaign was the culmination of the efforts of the Iraqi regime to quell the Kurdish aspiration of greater autonomy and independence. The use of chemical weapons resulted in the death of estimated 5'8000 to 1'08000 civilians. It is argued in this paper that the Anfal campaign was not merely an counter-insurgency operation but also genocide.

Keywords: Genocide, Anfal, Iraq

Suggested Citation

Klamberg, Mark, The Concept of Genocide and the Anfal Campaign. Living History Forum, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:

Mark Klamberg (Contact Author)

Stockholm University - Faculty of Law ( email )

S-106 91 Stockholm
+46 8 16 11 90 (Phone)
+46 8 612 41 09 (Fax)

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