Retail Location Choice with Complementary Goods: An Agent-Based Model

Complex Sciences: First International Conference, 2009

ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, 2009

13 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2011

See all articles by Arthur Huang

Arthur Huang

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

David Matthew Levinson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

This paper models the emergence of retail clusters on a supply chain network comprised of suppliers, retailers, and consumers. Firstly, an agent-based model is proposed to investigate retail location distribution in a market of two complementary goods. The methodology controls for supplier locales and unit sales prices of retailers and suppliers, and a consumer’s willingness to patronize a retailer depends on the total travel distance of buying both goods. On a circle comprised of discrete locations, retailers play a non-cooperative game of location choice to maximize individual profits. Our findings suggest that the probability distribution of the number of clusters in equilibrium follows power law and that hierarchical distribution patterns are much more likely to occur than the spread-out ones. In addition, retailers of complementary goods tend to co-locate at supplier locales. Sensitivity tests on the number of retailers are also performed. Secondly, based on the County Business Patterns (CBP) data of Minneapolis-St. Paul from US Census 2000 database, we find that the number of clothing stores and the distribution of food stores at the zip code level follows power-law distribution.

Keywords: clustering, agent-based model, location choice, distribution pattern

JEL Classification: R40, R41, J2

Suggested Citation

Huang, Arthur and Levinson, David Matthew, Retail Location Choice with Complementary Goods: An Agent-Based Model (2009). ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1748605

Arthur Huang

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities ( email )

420 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

David Matthew Levinson (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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