Innocence After Death

64 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2011  

Samuel R. Wiseman

Florida State University College of Law

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

Despite the rapidly growing innocence movement, five unusual innocence cases have escaped the attention of most commentators: in Florida, Indiana, Massachusetts, and Texas, courts have recently exonerated wrongfully convicted defendants following their deaths in prison. This article identifies this extension of the innocence movement and argues that posthumous exonerations give courts a rare opportunity - seized upon in the 2009 posthumous exoneration of Timothy Cole in Texas - to make a detailed investigation of the causes leading to a defendant’s wrongful conviction. The article argues that these exonerations are important not only in providing justice for victims, communities, and the families of criminal defendants, but also because of their potential contribution to the effort to discover the causes of - and ultimately prevent - wrongful convictions. Legislatures should therefore expand the currently tenuous jurisdictional and procedural bases for posthumous exonerations, perhaps using the quasi-inquisitorial judicial model followed in Cole. This is particularly important in states without innocence commissions, which are the best suited institutions to conduct this sort of inquiry. Recognition of the errors that led to an innocent defendant’s conviction - whether the defendant is now alive or dead - is essential in preventing the future conviction of innocent defendants.

Keywords: criminal, defendant, wrongful conviction, innocence, posthumous, exoneration, timothy cole, DNA, Innocence Project, innocence commission

Suggested Citation

Wiseman, Samuel R., Innocence After Death (2011). Case Western Reserve Law Review, Vol. 60, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1748764

Samuel R. Wiseman (Contact Author)

Florida State University College of Law ( email )

425 W. Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, FL 32306
United States

Paper statistics

Downloads
220
Rank
113,661
Abstract Views
1,323