Do Migrants Improve Governance at Home? Evidence from a Voting Experiment

39 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2011

See all articles by Catia Batista

Catia Batista

Nova School of Business and Economics; CReAM; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; NOVAFRICA

Pedro C. Vicente

New University of Lisbon - Nova School of Business and Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2011

Abstract

Can international migration promote better institutions at home by raising the demand for political accountability? In order to examine this question, we designed a behavioral measure of the population's desire for better governance. A postcard was distributed to households with the pledge that, if enough postcards were mailed back, results from a survey module on perceived corruption would be made public in the national media. Using data from a tailored household survey, we examine the determinants of our behavioral measure of demand for political accountability (i.e. of undertaking the costly action of mailing the postcard), and isolate the positive effect of international emigration using locality level variation. The estimated effects are robust to the use of instrumental variables, including both past migration and macro shocks in the migrant destination countries. We find that the estimated effects can be mainly attributed to those who emigrated to countries with better governance, especially return migrants.

Keywords: Cape Verde, effects of emigration on origin countries, governance, household survey, institutions, international migration, political accountability, sub-Saharan Africa

JEL Classification: F22, O12, O15, O43, P16

Suggested Citation

Batista, Catia and Vicente, Pedro C., Do Migrants Improve Governance at Home? Evidence from a Voting Experiment (January 2011). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8202, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1749843

Catia Batista (Contact Author)

Nova School of Business and Economics ( email )

Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Rua da Holanda, 1
Carcavelos, 2775-405
Portugal

CReAM

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London, WC1H 0AX
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.iza.org/

NOVAFRICA ( email )

Nova School of Business and Economics
Rua da Holanda, 1
Carcavelos, 2775-405
Portugal

HOME PAGE: http://www.novafrica.org

Pedro C. Vicente

New University of Lisbon - Nova School of Business and Economics ( email )

Campus de Campolide
Lisbon, 1099-032
Portugal

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