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Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe

38 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2011  

Alberto Bisin

New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics; New York University (NYU) - Center for Experimental Social Science (CESS); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Eleonora Patacchini

Università di Roma "La Sapienza"; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)

Thierry Verdier

Paris School of Economics (PSE); Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Yves Zenou

Stockholm University; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: January 1, 2011

Abstract

Using data from the European Social Survey on most European countries, we look at the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects for immigrants from non-European countries. We find that a strong attachment to religion is associated with a lower probability of being employed. When we differentiate between first and second generations of immigrants, our evidence reveals signs of a cultural and economic integration of immigrants in Europe. However, when an extreme ethnic sentiment is preserved, the employment penalty is amplified. Our results also suggest that the strength of a person's ethnic identity and its relationship with employment prospects may depend on the type of integration policy performed in the country where the immigrant lives. In particular, labor-market policies and family-reunion policies seem to facilitate the labor-market access to immigrants coming from non-European countries.

Keywords: ethnic identity, first- and second-generation immigrants, integration policies, religion

JEL Classification: A14, J15, J18, Z19

Suggested Citation

Bisin, Alberto and Patacchini, Eleonora and Verdier, Thierry and Zenou, Yves, Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe (January 1, 2011). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8212. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1749853

Alberto Bisin (Contact Author)

New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics

14 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012
United States

New York University (NYU) - Center for Experimental Social Science (CESS) ( email )

One Washington Place
New York, NY 10003
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Eleonora Patacchini

Università di Roma "La Sapienza" ( email )

Box 83 - RM62
P. le A. Moro 5
Roma I-00185
Italy
+39 06 4991 0843 (Phone)
+39 06 4453 246 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) ( email )

Via Due Macelli, 73
Rome, 00187
Italy

Thierry Verdier

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014
France

Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) ( email )

48, Boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris
France
+33 1 4313 6308 (Phone)
+33 1 4313 6310 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Yves Zenou

Stockholm University ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10
Stockholm, Stockholm SE-106 91
Sweden

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI) ( email )

P.O. Box 5501
S-114 85 Stockholm
Sweden

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

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