38 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2011
Date Written: January 1, 2011
Using data from the European Social Survey on most European countries, we look at the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects for immigrants from non-European countries. We find that a strong attachment to religion is associated with a lower probability of being employed. When we differentiate between first and second generations of immigrants, our evidence reveals signs of a cultural and economic integration of immigrants in Europe. However, when an extreme ethnic sentiment is preserved, the employment penalty is amplified. Our results also suggest that the strength of a person's ethnic identity and its relationship with employment prospects may depend on the type of integration policy performed in the country where the immigrant lives. In particular, labor-market policies and family-reunion policies seem to facilitate the labor-market access to immigrants coming from non-European countries.
Keywords: ethnic identity, first- and second-generation immigrants, integration policies, religion
JEL Classification: A14, J15, J18, Z19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Bisin, Alberto and Patacchini, Eleonora and Verdier, Thierry and Zenou, Yves, Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe (January 1, 2011). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8212. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1749853
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