Identifying Barriers to Muslim Integration in France

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010

7 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2011

See all articles by Claire L. Adida

Claire L. Adida

University of California, San Diego (UCSD)

David Laitin

Stanford University - Department of Political Science; Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

Marie‐Anne Valfort

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne

Date Written: January 28, 2011

Abstract

Is there a Muslim disadvantage in economic integration for second-generation immigrants to Europe? Previous research has failed to isolate the effect that religion may have on an immigrant family's labor market opportunities because other factors, such as country of origin or race, confound the result. This paper uses a correspondence test in the French labor market to identify and measure this religious effect. The results confirm that int he French labor market, anti-Muslim discrimination exists: a Muslim candidate is 2.5 times less likely to receive a job interview callback than is his or her Christian counterpart. A high-n survey reveals, consistent with expectations from a correspondence test, that second-generation Muslim households in France have lower income compared with matched Christian households. The paper thereby contributes to both substantive debates on the Muslim experience in Europe and methodological debates on how to measure discrimination. Following the National Academy of Sciences' 2001 recommendations on combining a variety of methodologies and applying them to real-world situations, this research identifies, measures, and infers consequences of discrimination based on religious affiliation, controlling for potentially confounding factors, such as race and country of origin.

Suggested Citation

Adida, Claire L. and Laitin, David and Valfort, Marie-Anne, Identifying Barriers to Muslim Integration in France (January 28, 2011). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1750399

Claire L. Adida (Contact Author)

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
Mail Code 0521
La Jolla, CA 92093-0521
United States

HOME PAGE: http://claire.adida.net

David Laitin

Stanford University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

30 Alta Road
Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Marie-Anne Valfort

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )

17, rue de la Sorbonne
Paris, IL 75005
France

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