Contrasting Innovation Creation and Commercialization within Open, User and Cumulative Innovation

36 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2011  

Marcel Bogers

University of Copenhagen - Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO)

Joel West

KGI - Keck Graduate Institute

Date Written: July 13, 2010

Abstract

While industrial innovation was once assumed to be a vertically integrated process, three recent streams of research — open innovation, user innovation and cumulative innovation — have examined how innovation is created outside the boundaries of the firm. However, within these streams are multiple paths by which innovations are created and commercialized. We identify nine distinct innovation modes, which we systematically classify according to the locus of innovation creation and commercialization, and according to their enabling conditions. Finally, we discuss the contribution of our taxonomy and suggest future opportunities for research on the micro-foundations of each of these streams.

Suggested Citation

Bogers, Marcel and West, Joel, Contrasting Innovation Creation and Commercialization within Open, User and Cumulative Innovation (July 13, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1751025 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1751025

Marcel Bogers (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO) ( email )

Unit for Innovation, Entrepreneurship & Management
Rolighedsvej 25
Copenhagen, 1958
Denmark

Joel West

KGI - Keck Graduate Institute ( email )

535 Watson Drive
Claremont, CA 91711
United States
909-293-8550 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.joelwest.org/KGI

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