Argumentative Reasoning Patterns

ECAI 2006, Riva del Garda, August 28 - September 2, 2006

4 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2011  

Fabrizio Macagno

Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Douglas Walton

University of Winnipeg - Department of Philosophy

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

This paper is aimed at presenting a preliminary study on argument schemes. Argumentation theory has provided several sets of forms such as deductive, inductive and presumptive patterns of reasoning. The earliest accounts of argument schemes were advanced in Arthur Hastings' Ph.D. thesis at Northwestern University (1963), and in Perelman and Obrechts-Tyteca's work on the classication of loci in 1969. Other scheme sets have been developed by Toulmin, Rieke, Janik (1984), Schellens (1985),van Eemeren and Kruiger (1987), Kienpointner (1992) and Grennan (1997). Each scheme set put forward by these authors presupposes a particular theory of argument. Each theory, in turn, implies a particular perspective regarding the relation between logic and pragmatic aspects of argumentation, and notions of plausibility and defeasibility. The history of argument schemes begins with the concepts of topos and locus.

Keywords: argumentation schemes, inferences, argumentation, rhetoric, dialectics. topoi

Suggested Citation

Macagno, Fabrizio and Walton, Douglas, Argumentative Reasoning Patterns (2006). ECAI 2006, Riva del Garda, August 28 - September 2, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1751683 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1751683

Fabrizio Macagno (Contact Author)

Universidade Nova de Lisboa ( email )

Av. Berna 26 I&D Building, office 4.02
Lisbon, 1069-061
Portugal

HOME PAGE: http://fabriziomacagno.altervista.org/

Douglas Walton

University of Winnipeg - Department of Philosophy ( email )

Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 2E9
Canada

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