Testing Models of Strategic Behavior Characterized by Conditional Likelihoods
41 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2011
Date Written: January 5, 2011
Marketing expenditures in the form of pricing, product development, promotion and channel development are made to maximize return on investment. A challenge in evaluating the effectiveness of these expenditures is that decisions such as whether to lower prices or run promotions are made based on managers’ knowledge of how sensitive consumers are to these marketing activities. While marketing control variables are explanatory of sales, they are often set in anticipation of a market response, reflecting strategic behavior on the part of the firm. A challenge in developing a model of strategic behavior is that the process by which marketing expenditures are made is often not directly observable. We propose tests for comparing supply-side model formulations in which input variables are strategically determined. In these models, the joint likelihood of demand (y) and supply (x) can be factored into a conditional factor of demand given supply, and a marginal factor of supply. We illustrate our approach using data from a services company operating in multiple geographic regions.
Keywords: Endogeneity, Bayesian model choice
JEL Classification: B41, C11, C52, D42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation