Testing Models of Strategic Behavior Characterized by Conditional Likelihoods

41 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2011

See all articles by Thomas Otter

Thomas Otter

Goethe University Frankfurt - Department of Marketing

Timothy Gilbride

University of Notre Dame

Greg M. Allenby

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Marketing and Logistics

Date Written: January 5, 2011

Abstract

Marketing expenditures in the form of pricing, product development, promotion and channel development are made to maximize return on investment. A challenge in evaluating the effectiveness of these expenditures is that decisions such as whether to lower prices or run promotions are made based on managers’ knowledge of how sensitive consumers are to these marketing activities. While marketing control variables are explanatory of sales, they are often set in anticipation of a market response, reflecting strategic behavior on the part of the firm. A challenge in developing a model of strategic behavior is that the process by which marketing expenditures are made is often not directly observable. We propose tests for comparing supply-side model formulations in which input variables are strategically determined. In these models, the joint likelihood of demand (y) and supply (x) can be factored into a conditional factor of demand given supply, and a marginal factor of supply. We illustrate our approach using data from a services company operating in multiple geographic regions.

Keywords: Endogeneity, Bayesian model choice

JEL Classification: B41, C11, C52, D42

Suggested Citation

Otter, Thomas and Gilbride, Timothy and Allenby, Greg M., Testing Models of Strategic Behavior Characterized by Conditional Likelihoods (January 5, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1752434 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1752434

Thomas Otter (Contact Author)

Goethe University Frankfurt - Department of Marketing ( email )

Frankfurt
Germany
++49.69.798.34646 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.marketing.uni-frankfurt.de/index.php?id=97?&L=1

Timothy Gilbride

University of Notre Dame ( email )

361 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN 46556-5646
United States

Greg M. Allenby

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Marketing and Logistics ( email )

Fisher Hall 524
2100 Neil Ave
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

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