La Revolución Dentro De La Revolución: Una Mirada a La Situación De La Mujer En La Cuba Socialista (the Revolution within the Revolution: A Perspective on the Condition of Women in the Socialist Cuba). 75 Rev. Jur. Upr 731 (2006).
Aníbal Rosario Lebrón
Howard University School of Law
January, 31 2011
This article assesses the state of affairs in post-revolutionary Cuba of one of the highest ideals of the contemporary Western society, equality between the sexes. The paper first discusses socialism and its relationship with the feminist movement as well as the role of the law within the Marxist-Leninist thought, which is the basis of the Cuban government. In addition, the paper offers a short historical account of the situation of Cuban women before the Revolution. Then an analysis of the situation of women during the forty-five years following the Revolution is proffered. The inquiry is divided by examining the situation in both the public and the private sphere. The paper utilizes as a theoretical framework for its analysis Christine A. Littleton’s theory of symmetrical and asymmetrical systems of equality. The paper concludes that the struggle for gender equality after the revolution in Cuba allowed Cuban women to achieve a high degree of equality when compared with their counterparts in the rest of the world. However, inequality still persists in the island; quite often because of attitudes and policies that are inconsistent with the principles of socialism. This gap is evident in Cuban legislation aimed to tend to equality between men and women. The paper argues that the problem lies, as with most social changes promulgated through the law, in an inconsistency between the ideals supposedly embodied in the legislation and the prevailing social attitudes. This is especially true in a society like Cuba in which sexism is deeply rooted and which political system is based on Marxist-Leninist thought which focus on creating parity in the means of production rather that in dismantling patriarchal relationships. Moreover, the problem worsens since in Cuba the family is taken to be the central entity for social change even though this institution is structured to perpetuate patriarchal disparities that delay the advancement of sex equality.
Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 71
Keywords: Cuba, Women, Sex Equality
Date posted: February 2, 2011