Household’s Access to and Affordability of Electricity During Reforms: A Comparative Study of Orissa and West Bengal

36 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2011

See all articles by Zakaria Siddiqui

Zakaria Siddiqui

Institute of Development Studies Kolkata

Date Written: March 4, 2004

Abstract

Using India’s National Sample Survey data on consumption expenditure by households this paper examines how access to affordability of electricity services have fared under power sector reform programme that was pursued in the of State Orissa (India). To draw a comparative picture of Orissa with a state which did not follow the path of World Bank inspired restructuring of the power sector we use similar data for West Bengal (a proximate State to Orissa). Paper finds that increment in the access to electricity for the bottom 60 percent of the population has remained almost stagnant and the burden of electricity expenditure on the poor households has increased significantly. Compared to west Bengal much larger increase in the expenditure on electricity in Orissa by households having access to electricity clearly signifies that electricity reforms have led to considerable loss in the in consumers’ welfare. Paper uses concentration ratio method to elicit findings.

Keywords: electricity, reforms, tariff, concentration index

JEL Classification: D39, D63, Q48

Suggested Citation

Siddiqui, Md Zakaria, Household’s Access to and Affordability of Electricity During Reforms: A Comparative Study of Orissa and West Bengal (March 4, 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1754428 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1754428

Md Zakaria Siddiqui (Contact Author)

Institute of Development Studies Kolkata ( email )

27/1 Block DD
Kolkata
India

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