The Dynamics of Gang Criminality and Corruption in Nigeria Universities: A Time Series Analysis
African Journal of Law and Criminology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 58-68, February 2011
11 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2011 Last revised: 2 Aug 2011
Date Written: February 3, 2011
This study contributes to the understanding of the causal relationship between gang culture, criminality and corruption in Nigeria universities where both criminality and corruption are very high complementary variables. Writers on gang culture in Nigeria universities have largely omitted the empirical evaluation of the causal relationship between gang criminality and corruption. This study adopts the time-series models of Granger (1969) to investigate and explain the causal relationship of the variables. Using five years data (2005-2009) from 37 Universities across 36 States of Nigeria and Abuja, the federal capital territory; the results suggest that there is existence of reciprocal relationship between university gang culture, criminality and corruption. The results suggest that there is a bi-directional causal relationship flowing between gang criminality and corruption in the universities.
Keywords: Gang, Corruption, University, Nigeria, Education, Time Series, Criminality, Granger, Unit Root, Causal Link
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