Shell Oil Company in Nigeria: Impediment or Catalyst of Socio-Economic Development?
African Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 15-36, February 2011
22 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2011 Last revised: 2 Aug 2011
Date Written: February 3, 2011
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether the She oil company, through investment and crude oil exploration, benefits socio-economic growth in Nigeria in general and in the Niger Delta of Nigeria in particular. In 1998, the United Nations Special Rapporteur's report on Nigeria accused Nigeria and Shell of violating human rights and failing to protect the environment, and called for an investigation into Shell activities in Nigeria. The report condemned Shell for arming the security forces which it regularly deploy to use lethal force civilians that protest against the oil firm.” The paper explores the matrix within which the socio-economic rights (human rights, development rights and environmental rights) have been significantly marginalised and the implications of the lack corporate social responsibility and the lack of accountability of Shell to the inhabitants of the Niger Delta of Nigeria. With respect to environmental obligations, the paper discusses how environmental degradation in the Niger Delta has infringed on human rights thereby impeding growth and economic development. The paper suggests possible future directions and initiatives for civil society in making corporations more accountable to the states, citizens and the planet.
Keywords: Shell, Crude Oil, Nigeria, Development, Economy
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