Accomplishing Human Rights Justice in the Context of Assets Confiscation: An Evaluation of the United Kingdom Drug Laws Enforcement
African Journal of Law and Criminology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 13-26, 2011
14 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2011 Last revised: 3 May 2015
Date Written: February 4, 2011
It is estimated that crude oil, tourism and the illicit drug trade are among the top five most financially inducing businesses in the world. Drug cartels conduct sophisticated and well organised activities including money laundering and monitoring of large networks of their careers. In past the decade, the United Kingdom has incurred large expenditure on the treatment of drug related illnesses and, on the enforcement of drug control laws. Several drug laws are enacted to deal with the waves of illicit drugs in the country. There is controversy over the ways by which the properties of the drug traffickers and suspected drug dealer, are seized by the State; in order to seize anyone’s private property prior to commencement of legal proceedings to effect a permanent forfeiture, the law enforcement agencies are only required to show “probable cause” that the property being seized is acquired with the profit of drug crime alternatively, that the property facilitates drug criminal activities. Using data from academic materials and United Kingdom case laws, the paper argues that the United Kingdom drug trafficking laws particularly the enforcement of “civil asset recovery” under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 and, the “Criminal confiscation” under the Drug trafficking Act 1994 violates the International Human Rights Laws.
Keywords: Drugs, Human Rights, UK Laws, Criminal Property
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation