Orphans at Risk in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence on Educational and Health Outcomes

37 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2011

See all articles by Katja Coneus

Katja Coneus

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Andrea Mühlenweg

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Date Written: February 1, 2011

Abstract

In this paper, we examine how orphanhood affects children’s educational and health outcomes in eleven sub-Saharan African countries. Our analysis is based on a comparison of orphans and non-orphaned children living under the same conditions. We also examine the impacts of various family structures and compare social orphans (non-orphaned children not living with a biological parent) to orphans. Using household fixed-effects estimation, we provide evidence that children not living with a biological parent lag behind in education and are more often malnourished and stunted. Educational gaps are particularly evident among orphans and social orphans not living with a mother. The effect of paternal death or absence is rather modest in most countries.

Keywords: Orphans, Family Structure, Human Capital, Sub-Saharan Africa, Fixed-Effects

JEL Classification: I12, I21, J24

Suggested Citation

Coneus, Katja and Mühlenweg, Andrea, Orphans at Risk in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence on Educational and Health Outcomes (February 1, 2011). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 11-008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1759430 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1759430

Katja Coneus (Contact Author)

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

Andrea Mühlenweg

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

L 7,1
Mannheim, 68161
Germany

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