Household Location and Race: A Twenty-Year Retrospective

19 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2011 Last revised: 22 Apr 2011

See all articles by Stuart A. Gabriel

Stuart A. Gabriel

University of California, Los Angeles - Anderson School of Management

Gary Painter

University of Southern California - Sol Price School of Public Policy

Date Written: February 2, 2011

Abstract

In a paper published in the Review of Economics and Statistics some 20 years ago (Gabriel and Rosenthal [1989]), we sought to assess the disparate residential location choices of black and white households in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The paper showed that simulated closure of large socio-economic gaps between blacks and whites did little to diminish prevailing high levels of residential segregation or otherwise enhance moves by black households to areas of educational, employment, and housing opportunity. In the wake of intervening decades and related urban development, the current paper applies data from 2000 to assess anew racial variations in residential location choice. Results of the multinomial logit analysis indicate persistent, large racial differentials in residential location choice. While black location choice in 2000 was relatively more dispersed than in 1980, it remained remarkably concentrated in DC and Prince Georges County. As in our prior analysis, results showed that large simulated gains in black economic and educational status had little effect on prevailing racial segregation. These findings underscore the persistent, limited access of black households to schooling, employment, and housing opportunities available outside traditional areas of settlement. In marked contrast, the locational choices of Latino and immigrant households bore greater similarity to those of whites and were more sensitive to improvements in socio-economic status.

Keywords: intra-metropolitan location choice, race, socio-economic status

JEL Classification: R19

Suggested Citation

Gabriel, Stuart A. and Painter, Gary, Household Location and Race: A Twenty-Year Retrospective (February 2, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1760243 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1760243

Stuart A. Gabriel (Contact Author)

University of California, Los Angeles - Anderson School of Management ( email )

110 Westwood Plaza
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States
310-825-2922 (Phone)
310-206-5455 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.anderson.ucla.edu

Gary Painter

University of Southern California - Sol Price School of Public Policy ( email )

Los Angeles, CA 90089-0626
United States
213-740-8754 (Phone)
213-740-0001 (Fax)

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
33
Abstract Views
658
PlumX Metrics