A Four-Country Study of the Associations between Bribery and Unethical Actions
Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 84, No. 3, pp. 389-403, 2009
Posted: 15 Feb 2011
Date Written: 2009
The purpose of this research is to extend the work of Bernardi and Vassill (2004) and to test the premise that small deviations from ethical behavior lead to even larger deviations from ethical behavior (Baack et al. 2001). This study examines the association between a people’s willingness to bribe a police officer to avoid being issued a speeding ticket with their views on inappropriate behavior of corporate executives. Our sample of 528 participants comes from the United States (237), Colombia (90), Ecuador (70) and South Africa (131). As part of our data gathering, we controlled for social desirability response bias in the responses of the students who participated in our study. Our data indicate significant differences between the views of the students from Colombia, Ecuador and South Africa when compared to the views of the students from the United States. The analysis indicates that, for all four dilemmas, the most significant variable was the belief about how ethical it was to pay a bribe to avoid a traffic ticket. Additionally, in three of our four dilemmas, Paulhus’ Image Management Subscale, which measures social desirability response bias, was the second most significant variable. Finally, in three of the four dilemmas, the students from Colombia, Ecuador and South Africa thought the actions described in the dilemmas were less ethical than the students from the United States.
Keywords: International Bribery, Hofstede
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