The Impact of the Increase in Food Prices on Child Poverty and the Policy Response in Mali

2011 Children & Youth in Crisis Paper

90 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2011

See all articles by Sami Bibi

Sami Bibi

Université Laval - Département d'Économique

John Cockburn

Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP); Université Laval; Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP)

Massa Coulibaly

GREAT – Groupe de recherche en économie appliquée et théorique

Luca Tiberti

Université Laval; Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP)

Date Written: February 14, 2011

Abstract

Since 2006, Mali has experienced the full effects of the global food crisis, with price increases of up to 67%. This study presents simulations of the impacts of this crisis and a number of policy responses with respect to the welfare of children. The impacts are analyzed in terms of monetary (food) poverty, nutrition, education, child labor and access to health services of children. According to simulations, food poverty among children would have increased from 41% to 51%, with a corresponding rise in caloric insufficiency from 32% to 40%, while the impacts on school participation, work and access to health services would have been relatively weak. To prepare an adequate response, the government should start by identifying the poor individuals who are to be protected, based on a limited number of easily observed socio-demographic characteristics. A method of targeting these individuals is proposed in this study. However, simulations show that with targeting about one quarter of poor children would be erroneously excluded (under-coverage), while more than a third of non-poor children would be erroneously included (leakage). These identification errors, which increase in proportion with the extremity of poverty, reduce the impact and increase the cost of any public interventions. That having been said, it is important to note that leakage to the non-poor can nonetheless improve the conditions of children in terms of caloric intake, school participation, child labour and access to health services, none of which are exclusive to poor children. When targeting children or sub-groups of children by age, benefits will likely be deflected to some extent to other family members. Moreover, it is total household income, regardless of the member targeted, that determines decisions relating to child work, education or access to health services. School feeding programmes are found to be a particularly efficient policy in that they concentrate public funds exclusively on the consumption of highly nutritious foods, while cash transfers can be used by households for other purposes. Moreover, school feeding programmes are likely to have desirable effects on school participation and child labour. However, there are some caveats due to the fact that these programmes exclude children who do not attend school, the difficulty of exclusively targeting poor children and the possibility that child food rations at home will be proportionally reduced.

Keywords: food crisis, child poverty, nutrition, education, child labour, health, Mali

JEL Classification: I3, J13, O12

Suggested Citation

Bibi, Sami and Cockburn, John and Coulibaly, Massa and Tiberti, Luca, The Impact of the Increase in Food Prices on Child Poverty and the Policy Response in Mali (February 14, 2011). 2011 Children & Youth in Crisis Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1761612 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1761612

Sami Bibi

Université Laval - Département d'Économique ( email )

2325 Rue de l'Université
DeSeve
Quebec Canada, QC G1K 7P4
Canada

John Cockburn

Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP) ( email )

P.O. Box 30772-00100
ICIPE - Duduville Campus, Kasarani
Nairobi
Kenya

Université Laval ( email )

Dept. of Economics
Québec, Quebec G1V 0A6
Canada

Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP) ( email )

Duduville Campus, Kasarani
P.O. Box 30772-00100
Nairobi
Kenya

Massa Coulibaly

GREAT – Groupe de recherche en économie appliquée et théorique ( email )

Mali

Luca Tiberti (Contact Author)

Université Laval ( email )

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP)

P.O. Box 30772-00100
ICIPE - Duduville Campus, Kasarani
Nairobi
Kenya

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