Keeping Boys in School in Anambra State: The Way Forward in Time of Financial Crisis

10 Pages Posted: 17 Feb 2011 Last revised: 28 Jun 2018

See all articles by Chidi Ezegwu

Chidi Ezegwu

University of Ibadan - Faculty of Public Health; Lancaster University

Olusegun Sunday Ewemooje

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Emmanuel Remi Aiyede

University of Ibadan - Department of Political Science

Date Written: February 15, 2011

Abstract

Most discussions on gender often focus on disadvantage of women but discussion on secondary school enrollment in the South Eastern geo-political zone in Nigeria is one of the few exceptions. While the zone, which is considered to be one of the academically privileged zone, generally records low male enrollment vis-à-vis female, Anambra State is the worst case scenario, as the 2003/2004 academic year records indicate. Observing this trend at the beginning of the 21st century, stakeholders, government, the apex Igbo cultural group – the Ohaneze Ndi Igbo – and community gatekeepers, raised an alarm and combined efforts to fight the phenomenon. In 2006 male enrollment rose from 43.3% in 2003/2004 to 78.3% in 2005/2006 academic session, however, in 2007/2008, when the financial crisis just began, male enrollment dropped to 62.6. The 15.7% drop from the previous progress made in the state is a cause for serious concern. This paper discusses the factors that could be responsible for this scenario that began and was increasing with the deepening global financial crisis.

The underlying questions of the research are: What are the factors that are responsible for reversal of the previous progress made in keeping boys in school? What are the implications of the financial crisis on the efforts to keep boys in school? What are the effects of low male enrollment on human capital development of the state? Findings show that the financial crisis may have deepened the factors that account for the tendency of boys to drop out of school. The paper recommends improvement on the previous programmatic actions, social reorientation, new policy direction and funding of education in the state.

Keywords: Education, male secondary school enrolment, global financial crisis, human capital development

Suggested Citation

Ezegwu, Chidi and Ewemooje, Olusegun Sunday and Aiyede, Emmanuel Remi, Keeping Boys in School in Anambra State: The Way Forward in Time of Financial Crisis (February 15, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1762243 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1762243

Chidi Ezegwu (Contact Author)

University of Ibadan - Faculty of Public Health ( email )

University of Ibadan
Ibadan, OR Oyo Stase 10001
Nigeria

Lancaster University ( email )

Olusegun Sunday Ewemooje

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Emmanuel Remi Aiyede

University of Ibadan - Department of Political Science ( email )

Ibadan, 234
Nigeria

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