Transferring New Dynamic Capabilities to SMEs: The Role of ONERA – The French Aerospace LabTM in Promoting Asymmetries Management

28 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2011

See all articles by Florin Paun

Florin Paun

University of the Littoral Opal Coast

Nick von Tunzelmann

University of Sussex - Science and Technology Policy Research Unit (SPRU)

Philippe Richard

Ventures Strategy Consulting

Date Written: February 18, 2011

Abstract

The technology transfer process between a public laboratory and a company has been the subject of many publications and has been widely discussed in economic theory. This paper highlights several newly identified asymmetries occurring between the different agents taking part in the process, dealing specifically with the aerospace and defense R&D sectors in France.

These specificities concern the characteristics, capabilities and competencies (the ‘capacities’) of French SMEs and public research laboratories. The theoretical corpus of the article draws partly upon the analyses of ‘dynamic and interactive capabilities’ (and competencies), and for the rest upon various asymmetries identified and conceptualized on empirical sources, being based on the recent experience of one of the most dynamic Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) in France: the case of ONERA (the National Office for Aerospace Studies and Research) and its dyadic relations with the SMEs.

In such a cooperative, interactive innovation process, we will argue that certain collaborative tools or practices emerge, aimed at reducing information asymmetries or acting as compensation mechanisms for other types of asymmetries between the partners at a microeconomic level; especially in France where there is a gap between the public R&D laboratories and the SMEs in terms of Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs). Some of these compensation mechanisms, particularly those related to the knowledge economy, could be adapted and reshaped for agents engaged in R&D and innovation in various other sectors, perhaps inducing positive amplification effects on innovation behavior, and thereby on economic growth at the macroeconomic level within the “national innovation system”.

Keywords: French SMEs, valuation of IPRs, technology transfer, Technology Readiness Level, asymmetries, innovation process and actors

JEL Classification: O14, O3, O44

Suggested Citation

Paun, Florin and von Tunzelmann, Nick and Richard, Philippe, Transferring New Dynamic Capabilities to SMEs: The Role of ONERA – The French Aerospace LabTM in Promoting Asymmetries Management (February 18, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1763708 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1763708

Florin Paun (Contact Author)

University of the Littoral Opal Coast ( email )

1, place de l'Yser - BP 1022
Dunkerque Cedex, 59375
France
00 33 685432789 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.univ-littoral.fr

Nick Von Tunzelmann

University of Sussex - Science and Technology Policy Research Unit (SPRU) ( email )

Mantell Building
Falmer
Brighton BN1 9RH UK, Sussex
United Kingdom

Philippe Richard

Ventures Strategy Consulting ( email )

St. Marc Jaumegarde, 13100
France
00 33 685432789 (Phone)

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